Shahpurkandi Dam Project on River Ravi Approved By India; Likely to Infuriate Pakistan

The Shahpurkandi Dam project on the river Ravi in Punjab has got a positive approval from the Indian government. With Shahpurkandi Dam, India will be able to use the water which at present goes “waste” flowing through the Madhopur Headworks downstream to Pakistan.

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Though the Shahpurkandi Dam project was planned almost two decades ago at an estimated cost of over Rs 2,285 crore, it could not be implemented due to the scarcity of funds with the state. The Central Government will provide financial assistance of over Rs 485 crore (for the irrigation component) to the state for implementing the project over five years from 2018-19 to 2022-23.

The decision in this regard was taken by the Union Cabinet, keeping in view the provisions of the Indus Water Treaty. Under this 1960 treaty, India has full rights for utilisation of waters of the three eastern rivers Ravi, Beas and Satluj. The project will create an additional irrigation potential of 5,000 hectares in Punjab and 32,173 hectares in J&K. In addition, Punjab will also be able to generate 206 MW of hydro-power.

The project was initially approved by the Planning Commission in November 2001 and was included under the accelerated irrigation benefits scheme of the water resources ministry for funding its irrigation component.

Revised cost of the project was approved by the advisory committee of the ministry in August 2009. Work on the project could not progress much due to non-availability of funds on the part of the Punjab government for the power component and later due to inter-state issues with J&K.

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