China and Russia are developing strong space services to counter the US and its military effectiveness. The US Defense Intelligence Agency report states that both China and Russia are developing counter space capabilities to overwhelm the US.
The report released by the US Defense Intelligence Agency says that Chinese and Russian military doctrines view space as essential to modern warfare and counter space capabilities that can be used as a means to reduce the US and allied military effectiveness.
The report titled “Challenges to Security in Space” explores the space and counter space programmes that could challenge the US or ally interests in the space domain.
Perceiving that both countries have developed strong and capable space services, including space-based intelligence and surveillance the report stated that China and Russia were making improvements to existing systems including space launch vehicles and satellite navigation constellations.
“These capabilities provide their militaries with the ability to command and control their forces worldwide with enhanced situational awareness, enabling them to monitor, track and target US and allied forces,” the report said.
The report states India a few times and names China and Russia as a major challenger to the US, besides Iran and North Korea.
The report places India in the list of nine countries and one international organisation which can independently launch spacecraft. The complete lists include China, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Russia, North Korea, South Korea, the United States, and the European Space Agency (from French Guiana). The Defense Intelligence Agency report is meant to support a deeper public understanding of keyspace and counter space issues.
“Beijing and Moscow will continue to see space as integral to winning modern wars. They are developing systems that pose a threat to freedom of action in space. Both will continue their efforts to enhance their space and counter-space capabilities, and better integrate them into their respective militaries,” the US report stated.
The space industry will encounter growth with the rise in technological advancement and international partnerships. State, non-state and commercial players frequently will have access to information from space.
“The number of satellites and debris on orbit will grow concurrently, making tracking satellites, discriminating threats from non-threats, and predicting and preventing collisions a greater challenge,” the report concludes.
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