One of the most astonishing covert operations of RAW (India’s Research and Analysis Wing) is linked to ending the centuries-old monarchy and bringing democratic rule to Nepal.
The former special director of RAW, Amar Bhushan, has revealed in his book that India’s Research and Analysis Wing had a major role to play in the dethroning of Nepal’s absolute monarchy.
In order to protect India’s interests, the undercover agents of RAW in Nepal were determined to protect Nepal from falling into the hands of inimical forces. The RAW went on to raise assets in Nepal to ensure that the plans were executed with utmost secrecy.
Nepal’s monarchs sought help from China to offset India
The book, ‘Inside Nepal’ also talks about Nepal’s outreach to China during 1989-1990 in order to outdo India’s plans and save the monarchy.
Rajiv Gandhi’s government backed the people’s movement in Nepal, but all diplomatic tactics to institutionalize democracy in Nepal seemed to fail one after the other. Then India went about putting an embargo on food supplies in order to build pressure on the king to forsake the monarchy.
This is when the king of Nepal sought China’s help, and this further escalated India’s worries as New Delhi never wanted any Chinese influence in Nepal. Now was the time when RAW was assigned this highly complex mission to bring democracy to Nepal.
The then Chief of RAW went on to deploy his best spy, Jeevnathan, to carry out the operation. He then took complete responsibility for the entire mission and did what the diplomatic lobby could not do.
As a part of an uphill task assigned to RAW, the spies then went on to convince Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal to stitch a coalition with other parties to form a formidable front against the monarch powers.
Pushpa Kamal Dahal then went on to be the Prime Minister of a democratic Nepal twice thereafter. While many monarch leaders came looking for Jeevnathan to avenge their fall, he disappeared into the world of espionage, having served his country’s interests bravely.