Nepal Demands Return of Darjeeling From India Lost via Sugauli Treaty

An NGO from Nepal has initiated a campaign demanding the return of Darjeeling and other territories that Nepal lost to British India via the Sugauli Treaty. 

The Treaty of Sugauli

The Treaty of Sugauli established the boundary line of Nepal, was signed on 2 December 1815 between the British East India Company and King of Nepal following the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16.

The treaty called for territorial concessions in which some of the territories controlled by Nepal would be given to British India, the establishment of a British representative in Kathmandu, and allowed Britain to recruit Gurkhas for military service. 

The campaign was initiated here by the Greater Nepal Nationalist Front on Friday coinciding with National Unity Day, according to ‘The Rising Nepal’, a government-owned national daily. Signatures will be collected from within and outside the country, and the campaign will continue until coming mid-April, according to the front’s chairman Fanindra Nepal.

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Nepalese territories including Darjeeling were handed to the British East India Company as concessions under the treaty which was signed in 1816 on the conclusion of the Anglo-Nepalese War.

Under the treaty, Nepalese-controlled territory that was ceded included all areas that the king of Nepal had won in earlier wars such as the kingdom of Sikkim in the east and Kumaon and Garhwal in the west.

The signatures collected will be handed over to the Nepal president, UN secretary general, the five members of the UN Security Council, and to the SAARC secretary general, according to the report.

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